Ice Harvesting on Monument & Palmer Lakes
Doyle Ice & Storage Company
Fred Lewis and his wife, Myrtle McKee Lewis, who now live in Grand Junction, Colorado, gave this history of the Monument ice plant to the late historian Lucille Lavelett.
Fred Lewis is the brother-in-law of the late W. E. Doyle. Mrs. Lewis was a teacher in the Lewis Consolidated School in 1923. Fred went to work for Doyle in 1910. He was timekeeper and foreman until 1927.
In 1901 Doyle and Thomas Hanks leased the lake (Monument Lake) known then as the State Reservoir. Wm. Doyle owned the land on the east Side of the lake. They built the original icehouse with a short chute to carry the ice from the lake. It was known as "Hanks and Doyle Ice Company."
Harvesting ice at that time was done by men and horses. The power for conveying the ice up into the houses was supplied by horses. The ice harvest began about the middle of December and the cakes of ice were 24 inches thick after being planed. 20,000 to 30,000 tons were harvested. 4,000 tons were stored in the houses and the balance shipped to Pueblo and Denver.
In 1909 Doyle bought out Hanks and constructed five new houses, each with a conveyor chain powered by a threshing machine engine steamer, owned and operated by Hugo and Charlie Schubarth. A spur railroad track was put in to load ice directly into the railroad cars.
On Dec. 31, 1909 a 75 to 100 mile per-hour West wind completely demolished the icehouses on the day before they were to start the harvest. That was a bad financial loss for Doyle, also for the men who planned to work that winter. The houses were rebuilt.
Forty to fifty men and 8 teams of horses were employed in the winter for 25 to 30 days to pack ice in the houses and to ship to Denver and Pueblo, Colorado. Each layer of ice cakes in the houses were covered and packed in about 12 inches of sawdust. In the summer the Ice Company employed 15 to 20 men for 30 to 40 days shipping ice.
The wages in those days were 40 cents per hour for men working ten hours a day, 7 days a week. Men were paid $2.00 a day for their team of horses. In 1920 Doyle replaced the horse-drawn plows for cutting ice with two gasoline powered plows, which took the place of six horses and ten men. In ice harvest days, the winters were COLD! From the first of November Monument could always plan on the weather to range from 10 to 20 below zero every night until the first of February and the ground completely covered with snow all winter. The lake would freeze over and stay frozen. At night, to keep the channel from freezing over, a man worked to bring in a float of ice every hour. Later a man used a rowboat to keep the channel open. At the water box, which was at the beginning of the chute, men used a steel spud tool with sharp prongs on one end, cutting the floats of ice into cakes and pushing them up to the chute with pike poles.
W. E. Doyle had a 20-year contract with the American Refrigerated Transit. In the early 1930's Monument began to have warm and open winters. The lawyer failed to put a clause in the contract "If due to weather conditions the ice crop failed, contract would not be fulfilled" so Doyle had to forfeit several thousand dollars, which broke him and forced him to sell to VanDiest. On Nov. 10, 1932 an agreement was made with the A. R. T. to take over the entire operation. The railroad spur owned by the Ice Company was assigned in 1936 to the A. R. T. for other debts.
In 1943 a terrific West wind once again swept over the mountains and blew down the icehouses. Heavy timbers and planks tore through Monument like a hurricane. One 2x4 from the icehouse was embedded in the sidewall of a home on Second Street. When the Doyle Ice Company was a good flourishing business Mr. Doyle and Fred Lewis, without borrowed funds, built the beautiful home east of the lake. Every store, hotel, restaurant, and some homes had their own ice houses where the cakes of ice were packed in saw dust that kept all summer.
The Ice-House at Palmer Lake
Palmer Lake also had an ice-harvesting operation for some years. The ice storage house was located on the south-west shore of lake. The ice operation here suffered from two drawbacks in that the lake is somewhat shallow and the moss and lake-grasses would become encased in the ice making it quite difficult to move the ice-flows once they were cut. Also, there were railroad tracks on both sides of the narrow lake. This was a shortcoming in that the steam locomotives of the era belched cinders from their smokestacks and these cinders would often become embedded into the ice. We do not know how long the ice harvest was in operation in Palmer Lake. We only have one photograph showing the Palmer Lake Ice House and the photo quality is not adequate to display here.
One of the five Doyle ice storage houses - ca 1930.
Prior to powered saws, the ice was grooved in a parallel block pattern to a depth 3 inches from the bottom, with a series of horse drawn grooving knives. The gasoline powered saw would replace six horses and ten men in performing this task - ca 1910.
The Doyle Ice Harvest was a major employer in the winter.
Marking the cuts (upper) and sawing the grooves - ca 1921.
Using "Pike Poles" men bring an ice "Flow or Float" to the "Water Box."
The float would then be split into blocks using a "Spud" bar.
"Spudding" cakes of ice from the ice-float at the water box
prior to conveying the cakes to the storage house - ca 1915.
Ice being loaded into boxcars for use in food transport
by rail, truck, or for consumption - ca 1925.
Mr. & Mrs. Doyle at the peak of their business - ca 1925.